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The Philippine Normal University


            The Philippine Normal School, now Philippine Normal University, the first academic institution in the country established by the government in 1901, during the American occupation, was created by Act 74 of the Philippine Commission “for the education of natives in the island in the science of teaching. “ It is formally opened on September 1, 1901.

            At the beginning, the courses offered did not belong strictly to teacher education. Although the expressed purpose of the institution was to train young men and women for a teaching career, many students enrolled to prepare themselves for the study of law, nursing, medicine or agriculture, or to prepare themselves for entrance into American colleges and universities. Two departments thus developed, one for teacher education and the other for preparation for college. The latter detached it self in 1908 to become the nucleus of the University of the Philippines.

            The Philippine Normal School was converted into the Philippine Normal College on June 18, 1949 under Republic Act No. 416. Republic Act 4242 (July 15, 1965) authorizes the College to establish branches in Jolo, Tawi-tawi area, Marinduque, Isabela, Cadiz City. Republic Act 6515 (July 22, 1972) amends the charter and authorizes the College to offer advanced degrees – Ph.D., Ed.D., and other academic programs – relevant to the training of teachers, school supervisors, administrators and researchers and other educational leaders.

            The Charter of the Philippine Normal College states that the purpose of the university is “to provide professional, technical, and special instruction for special purposes and progressive leadership in the field of elementary and secondary education.”

            As an institution of higher learning, the Philippine Normal College seeks to fulfill other specific, but related purposes:


  1. To give instruction so as to transmit the accumulating cultural heritage of the nation;


  1. To encourage activities that preserve and organize such heritage;


  1. To promote research so as to discover knowledge that expands and enriches that heritage.


The Philippine Normal College was converted into the Philippine Normal University as a result of R.A. 7168 last December 26, 1992.


The Philippine Normal University assists in the program of government to train citizens to become educators, teachers and leaders in education:


  1. Researchers, writers, and junior staff members in government or non- government agencies in such areas as communication, history, psychology, health, recreation, sociology, and foods nutrition;


  1. Men and women who are capable of administering the public and private schools of the Philippines from the national level down to the regional, provincial (division), municipal (district), and barrio (barangay) levels;


  1. Men and women who will be supervisors for the teaching of language and reading in Filipino, English and in other Philippine languages, and in carrying out such programs regarding the use of these languages for instruction;


  1. Personnel who will be specialist in such areas as child study, health, education, guidance and counseling, library management, dramatic and speech arts, education of the visually impaired (the blind), and hearing impaired (deaf), education of the gifted, educational statistics (including the use of technology such as the computer for educational research and instruction, linguistics, music education, non-formal education, physical education, science and mathematics education and social science education;


  1. Instructors who are trained in a variety of fields for entry into the professional staff of teacher training institutions;


Further, the Philippine Normal University undertakes the following:


  1. Researches leading to the development of instructional and testing materials in practically all subjects in the school curriculum;


  1. Researches geared toward providing data for solving current educational problems, such as learning disabilities, problems of bilinguals, the most efficient and economical way of teaching children (including out-of-school youths) in both rural and in urban areas, through formal and non-formal education, and other organizational structures;


  1. Research and behavioral patterns of the Filipino child, including the development of instruments to measure his levels of growth and development;


  1. Research that will contribute to the fund of knowledge, particularly on the role of education, on such areas of national and international concerns as population education, environmental control and drug abuse.


At present, more than 10,000 students are enrolled in the Philippine Normal University System.

Therefore, as the national institution chartered by the government to take charge of progressive leadership in education, the Philippine Normal University has adhered to the standards of excellence in the training of leaders in Philippine Education in supervision, instruction and research.

The Philippine Normal University through the years has been working in consortium with Philippine Christian University, Philippine Women’s University, St. Scholastica’s College, St. Paul’s College. Technological University of the Philippines, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, University of California at Los Angeles, McGill University in Canada, Center for Applied Linguistics and the University of Guam in such areas as languages and linguistics, curriculum materials development, educational broadcasts, special education, and in the important areas of non-formal education.

In recognition of its undergraduate programs, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has funded and continues to fund a program to educate and train teachers in physics and mathematics for Philippine secondary schools. At one time, Coconut Federation of the Philippines (COCOFED) has funded a special group of young men and women for training in education for the coconut producing areas in Southern Luzon. In recognition of its graduate programs, the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) and institutions of higher learning, both public and private have sent and are sending recognition of its leadership in language research and language materials preparation, Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) through its Educational Projects Implementing Task Force (EDPITAF) designated the Language Study Center (LSC) of the Philippine Normal University as the Curriculum Development Center for Communication Arts in English and Filipino.

In recognition of its research and managerial capabilities, the university has been the recipient of grants from the Ford Foundation, Asia Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, Philippine Council of Agriculture and Resources Research (PCARR), the Center for Educational, Innovation and Technology (INNOTECH), and the Textbook Board or EDPITAF.

The Philippine Normal University is closely related with the Regional Center for Science and Mathematics (RECSAM) in Malaysia for the education of science and mathematics teachers and the education of language teachers and supervisors, and the Center for Educational Innovation and technology (INNOTECH) for the education of administrators, researchers and educational planners. Further, it is affiliated member of the Asian Programs of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) of UNESCO and the member of the Association of Southern Asian Institution of higher Learning (ASAIHL).

For the past several years, the performing groups of the university, the Faculty and Staff Choir, the faculty and Staff Rondalla, the teachers Community Theatre, and the Folk Dance troupe have brought cultural programs to practically all regions of the country, performing for free in the countryside, sharing experiences with their countrymen.

The Philippine Normal University will continue to assist, through scholarship, the students from the rural areas may obtain an education which will enable them to gain knowledge and skills then return to their roots and assist in the development of their communities.

From the Philippine Normal University will continue to radiate more programs independently and in consortia with other institutions so that their expertise is shared with others in teacher education in academic institutions, in partnership with those in our agencies so that they will have training programs for unity, solidarity, humanist reaffirmation and values development.